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Irregular Verbs

A verb is called a regular verb if its past tense and past participle are formed by adding -ed (waited, insisted) or sometimes just -d (breathed, replaced). Verbs in English are irregular if they don’t have a conventional -ed ending in the past tense.

Example: Go (present tense), went (past tense), gone (past participle)

Note: Do not use helping verbs such as has or have with the past tense form of an irregular verb. Use helping verbs only with an irregular verb’s past participle.

Example: I went to the store. I have gone to the store. NOT I have went to the store.

Present tense (used alone or with helping verbs such as will, did, etc.)
go
swim
run

Past tense
went
swam
ran

Past participle (used with helping verbs such as have, has, will have, etc.)
gone
swum
run

Present participle (-ing ending formed with to be verbs such as is, have been, will be, could have been, etc.)
going
swimming
running

Examples with go:

I go to my aunt’s house in the afternoon.
I will go to my aunt’s house.
I went to my aunt’s house yesterday.
I have gone to my aunt’s house every afternoon this week.
I am going to my aunt’s house this afternoon.

Examples with swim:

I swim at my aunt’s house in the afternoon.
I will swim at my aunt’s house.
I swam at my aunt’s house yesterday.
I have swum at my aunt’s house every afternoon this week.
I will be swimming at my aunt’s house this afternoon.

Examples with run:

I run around the track daily.
I will run around the track every day this week.
I ran around the track yesterday.
I have run around the track every day this week.
I am running around the track every day this week.

 

Pop Quiz

1. I will run/ran for office next year.
2. I have run/ran for office twice.
3. I have went/gone to the dentist but my tooth still hurts.
4. I have swam/swum the butterfly stroke in competition.
5. He ringed/rang the bell before entering.
6. He has rang/rung the bell twice but no one has answered.

 

Pop Quiz Answers

1. I will run for office next year.
2. I have run for office twice.
3. I have gone to the dentist but my tooth still hurts.
4. I have swum the butterfly stroke in competition.
5. He rang the bell before entering.
6. He has rung the bell twice but no one has answered.

Posted on Friday, July 18, 2008, at 6:25 pm


8 Comments

8 Responses to “Irregular Verbs”

  1. Emily says:

    Jane,
    You repeated the Pop Quiz questions in the Pop Quiz Answers portion. I thought you’d like to know.
    By the way, I purchased your book after finding this website. It’s well-loved. Thank you!

  2. Jessica says:

    Thanks so much for this useful information .I will purchase the book too!!

  3. Mehran says:

    Kindly convert this sentense into present tence ,”He rose to his feet and went away”

  4. Pierre says:

    Good day. Can you please help me with the following: The fridge and freezer were or was?

    • Jane says:

      In accordance with our Rule 6 of Subject and Verb Agreement:

      Rule 6 – As a general rule, use a plural verb with two or more subjects when they are connected by and.
      Therefore, your sentence should be “The fridge and freezer were . . . “

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